Cancer is a group of diseases characterized by the uncontrolled growth and spread of abnormal cells in the body. Normally, cells in the body divide and grow in a controlled manner, with old or damaged cells being replaced by new ones. However, in cancer, this process is disrupted, and cells begin to grow and divide uncontrollably, forming a mass of cells called a tumor.
Not all tumors are cancerous, however. Benign tumors do not spread to other parts of the body and are usually not life-threatening. Malignant tumors, on the other hand, can invade nearby tissues and organs and spread to other parts of the body through the bloodstream or lymphatic system. This process is known as metastasis and can make the cancer much more difficult to treat.
Cancer can affect any part of the body and can cause a wide range of symptoms, depending on the location and stage of the cancer. Some common symptoms of cancer include unexplained weight loss, fatigue, pain, and changes in the skin, such as new moles or skin lesions. Treatment for cancer typically involves a combination of surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and other therapies, depending on the type and stage of the cancer.
What are the Symptoms of Cancer
The symptoms of cancer can vary depending on the type and stage of the cancer. Some common symptoms include:
Fatigue: Feeling tired or weak without a clear reason.
Unexplained weight loss: Losing weight without diet or exercise changes.
Pain: Persistent or severe pain, especially in the bones, abdomen, or chest.
Skin changes: Changes in the color, shape, or size of moles or other spots on the skin.
Difficulty swallowing: Trouble swallowing or a feeling that food is getting stuck in the throat.
Changes in bowel or bladder habits: Persistent diarrhea, constipation, or changes in urine or bowel habits.
Persistent cough or hoarseness: A cough that doesn’t go away or hoarseness that persists.
Unusual bleeding: Bleeding from any body opening, such as the rectum, vagina, or mouth, or bleeding that occurs between periods.
It’s important to note that having any of these symptoms does not necessarily mean that a person has cancer, as they can also be caused by other medical conditions. However, if someone experiences any of these symptoms, they should talk to their doctor to determine the underlying cause and receive appropriate medical care.
Types of Cancers
There are many types of cancer, which can affect different parts of the body. Here are some of the five most Cancer types in Nigeria:
Breast cancer: cancer that forms in the cells of the breast, most commonly in women but also in men.
Cervical Cancer: this is cancer that affects the cervix, which is the lower part of the uterus that connects to the vagina. The majority of cervical cancers are caused by human papillomavirus (HPV), a sexually transmitted infection.
Liver Cancer: this is cancer that begins in the lungs. Several types of cancer can form in the liver. The most common type of liver cancer is hepatocellular carcinoma, which begins in the liver cell (hepatocyte). Other types of liver cancer, such as intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma and hepatoblastoma, are much less common.
Prostate cancer: cancer that occurs in the prostate gland in men.
Colorectal cancer: cancer that develops in the colon or rectum.
Several other cancers exist with each cancer type having its own unique characteristics, symptoms, and treatments.
Where can I find Cancer Healthcare?
Lifefount International Hospital is your private healthcare service provider with an expansive line of emergency for your health needs. We specialize in Cancer care, Endoscopy, Colonoscopy, major and minor surgeries. And we have great testimonies from survivors we’ve treated and are doing well. Early discovery and prompt treatment helps!